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  • Tsunamis
    Hydrosphere - Geosphere - Atmosphere Interactions

Euro-Mediterranean Tsunami Catalogue

A unified catalogue containing 290 tsunamis generated in the European and Mediterranean seas since 6150 B.C. to current days

The Euro-Mediterranean Tsunami Catalogue (EMTC) is the result of a systematic and detailed review of all the regional catalogues available in literature covering the study area, each of them having their own format and level of accuracy.
The realization of a single catalogue covering a so wide area and involving several countries was a complex task that posed a series of challenges, being the standardization and the quality of the data the most demanding.
A “reliability” value was used to rate equally the quality of the data for each event and this parameter was assigned based on the trustworthiness of the information related to the generating cause, the tsunami description accuracy and also on the availability of coeval bibliographical sources.
Following these criteria we included in the catalogue events whose reliability ranges from 0 (“very improbable tsunami”) to 4 (“definite tsunami”).
About 900 documentary sources, including historical documents, books, scientific reports, newspapers and previous catalogues, support the tsunami data and descriptions gathered in this catalogue.
As a result, in the paper a list of the 290 tsunamis with their main parameters is reported.
The online version of the catalogue provides additional information such as detailed descriptions, pictures, etc. and the complete list of bibliographical sources.
Most of the included events have a high reliability value (3= “probable” and 4= “definite”) which makes the EMTC an essential tool for the implementation of tsunami hazard and risk assessment.


Online version of the Euro-Mediterranean Tsunami Catalogue.


Poster EMTC and Regional Maps



The EMTC contains data, information, texts and elaborations prepared by researchers of the Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV). The scientific property rights of the data included in the EMTC Database are owned by the INGV. The EMTC data can be used for scientific and educational purposes only, provided that it is fully referenced as:

Maramai A., Brizuela B., Graziani L. – The Euro-Mediterranean Tsunami Catalogue, Annals of Geophysics, 57, 4, 2014, S0435; doi:10.4401/ag-6437

Any commercial and profit use is explicitly forbidden.

The EMTC is open to later additions and improvements. For these reasons and due to its intrinsic nature, the EMTC cannot be guaranteed to be complete, accurate and updated in any part, and will be subjected to successive revisions. Although the Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia makes every effort to supply the best available information, no warranty, expressed or implied, is provided as to the accuracy and reliability of all the data supplied in the EMTC. Users are cautioned to consider carefully the nature of the data and information before using it for decisions that concern personal or public safety. Conclusions drawn from the EMTC, or actions undertaken on the basis of its contents, are the sole responsibility of the user.

For any question or comments please contact the authors.


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